Kingston Historical Society

Welcome to The Kingston Historical Society web site. The Kingston Historical Society (KHS) was formed in 1997 as a non-partisan, non-profit organization to preserve, enhance and promote the history of the village of Kingston. KHS has its headquarters in the Locktender's House on the Delaware and Raritan Canal, Kingston, New Jersey. KHS is a 501(c)(3) organization.

UPCOMING EVENTS

THURSDAY June 6th at 7:00 PM
KHS Spring Program: New World Dutch Barns,
in the Dutch Barn at Rockingham State Historic Site
Kingston - 84 Laurel Avenue, Franklin Township, NJ.

7:00 PM: During refreshments, Victory Chase’s video on the Rockingham Barn Raising
7:45 PM: An Illustrated talk by Elric Endersby: ARCADES and ANCHORBENTS: The Origins and Characteristics of New World Dutch Barns

What’s a podstone? Any inklings about gunstock posts, through tenons, two-foot marks, raising holes, middle men, mangers or marriage marks?

"ARCADES AND ANCHORBENTS: The Origins and Characteristics of New World Dutch Barns," is an illustrated talk regarding these remarkable New Jersey vernacular structures and their Old World precedents. This examination of an early and iconic building type offers a rare opportunity to discover an early architectural tradition within a notable example – the Nevius Dutch Barn at Rockingham State Historic Site.

The featured speaker, Elric Endersby, is a founding partner of The New Jersey Barn Company which disassembled the ruinous structure in nearby Middlebush in 1999, repaired it, and raised it at Rockingham in 2013, thereby providing a complementary and contextual agricultural feature at the historic site.

The New World Dutch Barn traced its “basilica form” to the middle ages, and was widely disseminated throughout the Lowlands. Early Dutch settlers in the Hudson Valley, Western Long Island and central New Jersey applied its conventions, along with their framing skills, to the structures they created, amplified by the wealth of old growth timbers available from the forests they cleared to create their farms. The form survived more than 200 years after the Dutch relinquished governmental control. After the Revolution, as Dutch, English and, later, German families settled central New Jersey they not only assisted one another in raising barns and other structures, they began to adapt and adopt aspects of their separate building traditions, creating wholly new variations.

Over more than 40 years, Endersby and his partner Alex Greenwood have discovered and inspected nearly 100 Dutch barns across the state, documented more than 60 of which a third have since succumbed to development. Of the remainder, they have disassembled several threatened examples for relocation. Assembled from their archives, photographs and measured drawings will be shown, depicting characteristic forms and features, their origins and evolution. Better yet, the Nevius Dutch Barn, itself, will serve as a full scale illustrative model.

A native Princetonian, Elric Endersby has long been involved with local history. After five years gathering an oral history of the area, in 1975 he was the founder of the Princeton History Project and, over a dozen years, co-editor of the Princeton Recollector, its popular journal of local lore. He has been a member of Princeton’s Historic Preservation Commission since 1996. No stranger to Rockingham, he served on its board nearly 50 years ago. The New Jersey Barn Company has disassembled and relocated more than 180 structures over the past 40 years. Greenwood and Endersby are co-authors of two well-regarded books on barns.

Victory Chase’s video was recorded over five weeks, from October 21 to November 25, 2013, while the New Jersey Barn Company was raising and reconstructing the late 18th-century Nevius Barn, from the Middlebush area of central Franklin Township, on the grounds of Rockingham State Historic Site, near Kingston. Editing was done during January-February 2014, and the video was shown on FTTV in March-April 2014, before going onto YouTube.

Victory Chase taught herself videography and video editing on computer in order to lead FTTV's Volunteer Videographer Pilot Program, 2012-2014. She was also a member of Franklin's Cable Television Advisory Committee from 2008-2014, and served two terms chairing that committee. She has lived in Franklin Township since September 1969, and presently serves as secretary of the Rockingham Association, the "friends group" of Rockingham State Historic Site. She has an undergraduate degree in English from Stanford University, and master's degrees from both UC-Berkeley and Princeton University.

Victory commented about the barn video:  "Filming the barn-raising was one of the happiest experiences of my life, and editing the video was one of the most difficult. And of course there are parts I would do differently now ..."



RECENT EVENTS

Saturday, May 4th from 10 AM to 4 PM,
the Franklin Township Historical Alliance is presented a “HISTORIC HOMECOMING”

It was an opportunity to explore the rich vibrant history of Franklin Township with a day of free activities, events, movies, exhibits and more at a variety of historic sites throughout Franklin Township.

The Kingston Historical Society is a member of the Franklin Township Historical Alliance, which is made up of a number of Historical Societies and individuals in Franklin Township.

Among the sites were The Kingston Locktender’s House and the Kingston Presbyterian Church Cemetery. At the two Kingston sites, Kingston Historical Society trustees were available to describe and answer questions about the sites and their role in history and about Kingston in general.

Sunday, April 28th from 8 AM to 1 PM

KVFC ANNUAL PANCAKE BREAKFAST

Members of Kingston Volunteer Fire Company #1 at the Kingston Fire House, 8 Heathcote Road.
The KVFC and its Ladies Auxiliary are an important part of Kingston’s history; In 2018 KHS had an exhibit in the Locktender’s House celebrating the 90th Anniversary of the Kingston Volunteer Fire Company Ladies Auxiliary. We are planning an future exhibit on the Fire Company itself.

Kingston’s Businesses: A Walking Tour led by George Luck, Jr.:

Due to inclement weather Saturday, May 19th 2018, a talk on Kingston’s Businesses was given at the Locktender’s House in lieu of the tour; however the tour was rescheduled for Saturday October 6th.

The well attended walk started at the Kingston Presbyterian Church parking lot, and ended at the Kingston Locktender’s House, where there was a display on Kingston’s Businesses and George Lucka demonstration of Paul Kayne’s models of the lock and former “A” Frame bridge. There was also a demonstration of Paul Kayne’s models of the lock and former “A” Frame bridge.

George Luck, Jr. once again demonstrated his deep knowledge of Kingston history. He pointed out some of its past businesses, telling about their owners and history. These businesses represent a time when Kingston was dependent on local merchants to supply groceries to shoes and to meet the needs of emerging businesses in the automotive era. George related the history of Kingston’s businesses, and the impact they have made in the community from the days of stage coaches, canal, Lincoln Highway and today.

Kingston Historical Society Annual Meeting:

The KHS Annual Meeting was held on November 13th in the Kingston Firehouse hall.
Ceil Leedom and Robert von Zumbusch we re-elected to serve until the 2021 Annual Meeting and David Potts was elected a Trustee Emeritus.

The Kingston Historical Society honored the Carlo and Raoul Momo with our Annual Award for Historic Contribution for their significant contributions and generosity to the Kingston community. The Momos have rehabilitated two significant buildings with historic sensitivity: the former Union Line Hotel, now the headquarters of the Witherspoon Media Group, and the former Fisk grocery store, now with a sensitive addition, their Eno Terra restaurant. They have a strong interest in history; hosted a gathering for KBP at which KHS gave a presentation on Kingston’ history and displayed historical photographs. They established the “One Acre Canal Farm” on part of the former PN Kingston Site and are outstanding examples of the “Farm to table” movement.

The program included a showing of the film Farming in the Millstone Valley: Past and Present – a project of the Millstone Valley Preservation Coalition, of which KHS is a participating organization.

The Millstone Valley of central New Jersey, settled by Dutch farmers three centuries ago, helped New Jersey earn its Garden State nickname, and became the breadbasket of a booming New York City metropolis. That story, culminating in today’s farm-to-table movement, is told in this documentary film:
Farming in the Millstone Valley: Past & Present, is a 35-minute video documentary based on a historic account by Jessie Lynn Havens of Montgomery Township, and made by the Millstone Valley Preservation Coalition of Rocky Hill in association with the Van Harlingen Historical Society of Montgomery.

Kingston residents were pleased to find mention and images of Kingston, Princeton Nurseries, Rockingham and easily recognized local restaurants, including, appropriately, the Momos’ Eno Terra.

In coordination with the Annual Meeting program a display on Kingston’s Farms, created by Ceil Leedom, returned to the Kingston Lock-tender’s House in October and continued through November.

The KHS Annual Holiday Open House and Tree Lighting:

Christmas Lights Once again, on Sunday December 2nd, 1918, the KHS Annual Holiday Open House provided an opportunity to gather and enjoy holiday refreshments in the Locktender’s House, which was festively decorated for the occasion by the Kingston Garden Club, followed by the tree lighting and the music of the Kingston Women’s Chorus.




EXHIBITS

  • THE LOCKTENDER'S HOUSE

  • The Locktender's House is located at the Kingston Lock, at 4498 Route 27 North, on the Kingston Trails of D&R Canal State Park, in Kingston, New Jersey.
    It is open April through November, on Saturdays, Sundays and major holidays; from April thorough October the House will be open from 10 am to 5 pm.
    In November the House will be open from 10 am to 4 pm. The subjects currently on display are:

    • Farming in the Kingston Area.
    • Princeton Nurseries.
    • Kingston Businesses (until Late April)
    • A new exhibit on Barns will be mounted in Late April.

    Permanently on exhibit are the HABS (Historic American Building Survey) drawings of the Kingston lock and canal house and other information about the D&R Canal and the adjacent area.

    Also on continuing exhibit is the Moor-Potts Library Desk. The desk was made in Kingston by a local cabinetmaker, John F. Moor, for his own use. The desk was acquired by the father of the late Dorothea “Jimmie” Potts at an estate auction after Moor's death in 1913. It was subsequently passed on to Dorothea. KHS acquired it at the estate sale after her death.

  • ARCHIVES

  • A public repository for KHS archival items relating to Kingston history, http://archive.khsnj.org, has been built; already a number of items have been placed in this repository and more are being added. The link to the repository can be found on the top of this web page by clicking Menu -> Archives. Feel free to visit and browse the archives. There is a "search field" (not case sensitive) to perform topical search functions. Using the database is the best method to view historical items of interest in our collections.

    We also publicly host items on, and use as a historical resource, the website archive.org. Archive.org is a global repository which houses media for perpetuity.




PAST EVENTS AND EXHIBITS

KHS Holiday Open House ~ December 6, 2016

KHS members, fellow Kingston resident, and many others attended our annual Holiday Open House and Tree Lighting December 4th, 2016 at the Locktender’s House on the D&R Canal. They enjoyed holiday refreshments, decorations by the Kingston Garden Club, the annual tree lighting, and music by the Kingston Womens Chorus.


A showing of D&R CANAL Videos with additional commentary Tuesday, June 7th, 2016
was featured at the Kingston Historical Society meeting at the Kingston Firehouse, June 7th, 2016

After some background on the D&R Canal and its past and present importance to Kingston, KHS president Robert von Zumbusch led us through two videos: one, "D&R," produced and directed by Cliff canal one Crawford in 1976 -- before the Canal Park was established; the video included historical footage and interviews with canal two 'canalers.' The other, "The Canals of New Jersey,” produced by the Canal Society of New Jersey, provided a comparison with New Jersey’s other navigational canal, the unique Morris Canal, which was very different from the D&R.



Walking Tour of Kingston's Churches ~ May 7, 2016
George Luck led a walking tour of Kingston’s two churches, assisted by their members.
The tour started in the cemetery driveway opposite the Methodist Church. Kingston Methodist Church where he pointed out the graves of some of those who have played significant roles in the life of the Kingston Presbyterian Church Church and community and the site of Kingston’s first church. The walk proceeded up Main Street to the Presbyterian Church, where a brief history was given in the sanctuary. Participants walked back to the Methodist Church for a brief history of that church in its sanctuary, after which refreshments were served in the church hall.

Walking Tour Photo Gallery


KINGSTON: CROSSROADS OF THE CROSSROADS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION ~ NOVEMBER 10, 2015 The program was featured at the Kingston Historical Society Annual Meeting on November 10th, 2015 at the Kingston Firehouse. The program focused on the Revolutionary War and Kingston. After some background on the Crossroads National heritage Area, KHS vice president George Luck gave a presentation on Kingston’s history during the Revolutionary War.

The presentation was illustrated by a video, from Crossroads of the American Revolution Association, and images from KHS and other archives. During that time General George Washington visited the Kingston multiple times, from 1776-1783. George (Washington - not Luck!) in 1776 rode down main street fleeing the British, in 1777 he paused after the Battle of Princeton for his “Conference on Horseback”; in 1778 he stopped for a day in Kingston on his way to the Battle of Monmouth and in 1783 stayed at Rockingham while the Continental Congress met in Princeton waiting to hear that the peace treaty with the British was signed.



CARNEGIE LAKE and its DAM ~ June 2, 2015

Carnegie Lake Dam
LAKE CARNEGIE DAM at KINGSTON, Courtesy of Princeton University

Princeton University Facilities engineer Robert Ortego gave an excellent illustrated presentation of the planned repairs to the dam, and KHS President Robert von Zumbusch offered a fascinating history of the Lake and its dam.

Located in Kingston approximately 2 miles downstream of the confluence of the Stony Brook and Millstone River, the Carnegie Lake Dam, constructed in 1907, helped create the body of water still enjoyed by Princeton University’s crew as well as many others. Maintenance has been performed as needed on the Dam over the last century, and the time has come again to address needed repairs. Princeton University’s Facilities engineers, along with consultants, have developed plans for structural repairs to a portion of the dam, which will begin in June 2015. The work will not affect the level of the lake, nor is it expected to impact traffic or pedestrian routes.

To learn more about the dam, the project, and the status of repairs, please visit Lake Carnegie Dam Repair and the current exhibit at the Kingston Locktender’s House.

Event details »


Railroads and Kingston; an illustrated presentation by John Kilbride, was given at the KHS Annual Meeting on October 14, 2014. The talk included the Camden & Amboy and Pennsylvania Railroads. There was particular emphasis on the Rocky Hill Railroad and Transportation Company and Kingston Branch, which connected Rocky Hill to Kingston and to the main line at Monmouth Junction and beyond. Railroads and Kingston was also the subject of an exhibit in the Fall, which continued until May 2015.


An Evening with Peter V. Shann portrayed by George Luck, Jr. was held on June 7, 2014.
Peter Shann was born and grew up in Kingston; he was a Civil War soldier, who later became a Kingston Presbyterian Church Elder and a Kingston entrepreneur. The Kingston Presbyterian Board of Elders and KHS co-sponsored the event.


The Millstone Valley Scenic Byway: a 15 minute film and a talk by author Linda Barth. The program was held 16 June 2014. Linda has written several books including The Delaware & Raritan Canal, The Delaware & Raritan Canal at Work and the children’s book Bridgetender’s Boy; she is currently writing a book on the Millstone Valley. Linda is also co-president of D&R Canal Watch.


New Jersey History Fair: Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of New Jersey May 10, 2014, at Washington Crossing State Park, Titusville, NJ. Kingston Historical Society joined with Kingston Greenways Association and Friends of Princeton Nursery Lands to provide coordinated exhibits on Kingston and its contributions to the history of New Jersey and the themes for 350th Anniversary: Innovation – Diversity – Liberty.


KHS Annual Holiday Open House and Tree Lighting:
Sunday December 1, 2013, 3:30 - 5:30 p.m. At the Kingston Locktender’s House


Princeton Nurseries 100th Anniversary Celebration
in the Preserve
Saturday, September 7, 2013


Princeton Nurseries - 1913 - 2013
An illustrated talk by William Flemer, IV was given October 9, 2013 at the Kingston Firehouse.


A Lincoln Highway Centennial Celebration was held at the Kingston Locktender’s House June 22, 2013 in concert with the Lincoln Highway Association Centennial Tour; lunch was provided to tour participants by Eno Terra restaurant and a number of local vehicles of the era were on display.


The Lincoln Highway - 1913 - 2013, an exhibit of KHS photographs and information about the Lincoln Highway was on display in the Kingston Locktender's House from April to September 2013.